Doctor of Medicine, Kuopio University, Finland, 1992. Doctor of Philosophy, Kuopio University, Finland, 1994.
Resident, researcher, U. Hospital Kuopio, 1992-1994; resident, researcher, Tampere U. Hospital, Finland, 1994-1997; visiting research fellow, Wake Forest (North Carolina) U. School of Medicine, 1997-1998; visiting research fellow, University of California at Davis, since 1998.
Antero Toskala and Leena (Vainikka) Lahtinen. Married Raimo Ari Tapani Hannikainen, July 29, 1995. 1 child, Paavali Akseli.