AB, Smith College, 1920. AM, University Pennsylvania, 1926. Doctor of Philosophy, University Pennsylvania, 1933.
Postgraduate, Oxford (England) University, 1931.
Instructor English, Temple University, Philadelphia, 1926-1933, assistant professor, 1933-1939, associate professor, 1939-1945, professor, 1945-1964, University California, Santa Barbara, from 1964.
Member Modern Language Association, American Association of University Professors, Modern Humanities Research Association, College English Association (past president), Phi Beta Kappa.