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Elsa Iakovlevna Grundman

state security official

Elsa Grundman, USSR State security official.


Grundman, Elsa was born on May 16, 1891 in Latvia, Daughter of a peasant. Daughter of a peasant.


Involved in revolutionary activity, 1905. Joined the Bolsheviks, 1906. Took part in the storming of the Winter Palace, October 1917.

Commissar of Cheka detachments on the Eastern front, 1918. Cheka work in Moscow, 1919, and on the WestSouthern front and in the Caucasus, 1920-1930. Transferred to high GPU posts in Moscow, 1930.


Religious leaders contribute to secular and religious wars by endorsing or supporting the violence.


The emphasis on peaceful coexistence doesn’t mean that the Soviet Union accepted a static world with clear lines. Socialism is inevitable and the "correlations of forces" were moving towards socialism.