Emerenz Meier was the daughter of Emerenz Meier, née Raab, and the farmer, livestock dealer and innkeeper Josef Meier in Schiefweg at Waldkirchen, Lower Bavaria.
Besides Lena Christ, she is the most important Bavarian folk poet. She started to write about her Heimat (homeland) as a child. In 1893 her first newspaper short story was published in Passau.
In the autumn of 1896 her first and only book from the Bavarian forest was released in the East Prussian Königsberg.
Because of the poor economic situation parts of the family emigrated to North America. The expected personal economic upturn, however, did not occur.
The First World War intensified her criticism of the political, economic and social conditions in Europe and America. Emerenz Meier died on February 28, 1928 in Chicago at the age of 53 years of complications from nephritis.