Bachelor of Science in agricultural science, Tuskegee University, 1975. Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine, University Nairobi, Kenya, 1979. Master of Science in veterinary medical science, Louisiana State University, 1982.
Doctor of Philosophy, Louisiana State University, 1986.
Teaching research associate IV department microbiology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, 1980-1982; graduate research assistant department veterinary science, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, 1983-1984; senior research scientist, Carver Research Foundation, Tuskegee, Alabama, 1984-1989; associate professor, Winona (Minnesota) State University, 1989-1994; professor, Winona (Minnesota) State University, since 1994.
Member American Society Microbiology, Minnesota Academy of Sciences (Winchell Awards chair 1992), Society In Vitro Biology, Sigma Xi (admissions committee 1989).
Married Alice Njeri Mugo, October 21, 1978. Children: Michael, Benjamin, Robert, Margaret.