Lycee of Oulu, Finnish Mil. Academy, Finnish Command and Staff College.
Commander and Chief of Staff, Infantry Regiment 11 1941-1944. Company Commander, Infantry Regiment 1 1945-1950. Attended Command and Staff College 1951-1952.
Various staff appointments in military districts of N. Finland 1953-1957. Commander Finnish Contingent, United Nations Emergency Force 1957. Mil. Observer, United Nations Observation Group in Lebanon 1958.
Finnish Defence Attache in Warsaw 1959-1961. Staff Officer Third Division 1962-1964. Commander Finnish Contingent, United Nations Force in Cyprus 1964-1965.
Instructor, National Defence College 1965-1967. Chief, Foreign Department GHQ 1967. Senior Staff Officer, United Nations Truce Supervision Organization in Palestine 1967-1970.
Chief of Staff, United Nations Truce Supervision Organization in Palestine 1970-1973, Commander United Nations Emergency Force 1973-1975. Chief Co-ordinator of United Nations PeaceKeeping Missions in Middle East 1975-1980, retd, from United Nations Service 1980. Honorary doctorate (Helsinki) 1990.
Grand Cross of the.