Professional certified, Kansas City The Art Institute of Chicago, 1938-1942; Bachelor, Colorado College, 1947; Master of Arts, Colorado College, 1949; Master of Fine Arts, Yale University, 1952; Doctor of Fine Arts (honorary), Park College, 1995; Doctor of Humane Letters (honorary), University Colorado, 1997.
Assistant instructor Yale University, 1949—1950. Instructor University Illinois, Urbana, 1950-1952. Assistant professor art Western Illinois University, Macomb, 1963-1965.
Associate professor art University Missouri, Kansas City, 1965-1970, professor, 1970—1984, professor emeritus, since 1984. Consultant on history and theory of mural painting.
Served with infantry Army of the United States, 1942-1945. Member National Society Mural Painters (life), Phi Kappa Phi (life).
Married Mary Antoinette Hemmie, November 23, 1941. 1 daughter, Fredericka Jo.