Bachelor with honors in Political Science, State University of New York, Binghamton, 1979. Juris Doctor, New York University, 1985. Master of Arts in Public Affairs, Princeton University, New Jersey.
Washington director Asia Watch (now Human Rights Watch-Asia), 1986—1989. Staff consultant United States House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee Asian & Pacific Affairs, 1989—1993. Various positions National Security Council, 1993—1998, special assistant to President for national security affairs, senior director multilateral & humanitarian affairs, 1998—2001.
Fellow Woodrow Wilson Center. Senior fellow United States Institute Peace, Washington, 2001—2002. Senior fellow, director independent task force on post-conflict Iraq Council Foreign Relations, 2002—2005.
Chief, executive office, Office High Commissioner for Human Rights United Nations, Geneva, 2003. Lead expert Mitchell-Gingrich Task Force on United Nations Reform. Deputy special envoy for Tsunami Recovery United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan, 2005—2007.
Executive director Connect United States Fund, Washington, 2007—2009. Assistant secretary for population, refugees, & migration United States Department State, since 2009. Contributor Responsibility to Protect Project International Commission Intervention and State Sovereignty.
Visiting lecturer public and international affairs Princeton University.