(Man for Himself (1949) draws from the rabbinic dictum “If...)
Man for Himself (1949) draws from the rabbinic dictum “If I am not for me, then who is for me?” in order to develop a humanistic ethic.
(In The Art of Loving, which has been termed a modern midr...)
In The Art of Loving, which has been termed a modern midrash, Fromm sometimes waxes mystical in analyzing the complexity of mature love and human bonds.
(Fromm also turned to the Hebrew Bible, extracting from it...)
Fromm also turned to the Hebrew Bible, extracting from its pages his interpretation of humanism and morality, presented in You Shall Be as Gods
Descended from a rabbinic family, he grew up studying Judaism with noted scholars. Although he would soon repudiate organized religion, his professed atheism always remained tinged with more than a little mysticism.
In his twenties, after studying sociology and psychology at Heidelberg and receiving his Ph.D., he trained at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute. His orthodox Freudianism, however, soon went the way of his orthodox Judaism, although he was certainly more conscious of his continued reliance on the former in the course of his subsequent research.
Fromm shifted his focus from the individual to society. As early as 1929, he initiated a study of German society which attempted to as certain the possibility of German support for Hitler (the results were inconclusive).
He emigrated to the United States in 1934 and taught at various universities and institutions including Bennington College (1941-1950), the National University of Mexico (1951-1961) and simultaneously at Michigan State University (1957-1961), and at New York University from 1961. In the United States he began to apply the concept of neurosis not only to individuals, but to society as well, which, he believed, thwarts man's innate potential for growth.
(In The Art of Loving, which has been termed a modern midr...)1956
(Fromm also turned to the Hebrew Bible, extracting from it...)1966
(Man for Himself (1949) draws from the rabbinic dictum “If...)1949
(Erich Fromm examined how totalitarianism exploits the sen...)1941
(The Sane Society (1955) attacks the problem of alienation...)
• The Jewish tradition itself was one of reason and intellectual discipline, and besides that, a somewhat despised minority had a strong emotional interest to defeat the powers of darkness, of irrationality, of superstition, which blocked the road to its own emancipation and progress.
• The Bible is an extraordinary book, expressing many norms and principles that have maintained their validity throughout thousands of years. It... has proclaimed a vision for men that is still valid and awaiting realization.
Fellow New York Academy Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science. Member Washington Psychoanalytic Society, Mexican National Academy Medicine (honorary).
Fromm, calling himself a dialectic humanist, developed a far-reaching synthesis of the teachings of Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx. He believed that man is fundamentally good, though certain societal conditions are required to permit him to realize his potential. He developed his theories in a series of books written in a lucid style free of arcane jargon, which made them accessible to the lay public as well as to his colleagues.
Fromm was married three limes. His first wife, Frieda Fromm-Reichman, was noted in her own right as a pioneer in the psychoanalytic treatment of schizophrenia.