Bachelor of Science United States Air Force Academy, Colorado, 1965. Doctor of Philosophy Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., USA, 1968.
Instructor, Assistant Professor of Economics, United States Air Force Academy, 1968-1969,1969-1971. Senior Staff Economics, United States President's Council Economics Advisers, Washington, District of Columbia, 1973-1974. Association Professor Economics and Institute, for Social and Policy Studies, Yale University, 1975-1978.
Director, Public Policy Analysis Program, University Rochester, 1978-1984. Deputy Director, United States Congressional Budget Office, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America. Professor of Economics, University Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States of America, since 1984.
Editorial Boards, Social Science Research, since 1978, Economics Education Review, 1980-.
Research and teaching have touched a variety of applied economics areas, beginning with early work in the economics of education and carrying through into topics in labour economics, urban and regional economics, and public finance. Related work has dealt with econometric theory, particularly as motivated by applied problems. The education work has built upon analyses of production functions and the determinants of scholastic performance.
This relates quite directly to policy concerns in the financing of schooling, desegregation of schools, and changes in work behaviour and family structure. The education analyses extend naturally into wage determination and labour economics where human capital perspectives have been considered more broadly. The urban analyses have considered individual and firm locational decisions, housing demand and policies, and urban mobility.
The academic work has been complemented by periods of work in government at the Council of Economic Advisers, the Cost of Living Council, and most recently the Congressional Budget Office.