Doctor of Medicine, University Turku, 1972. Specialist psychiatry, Sweden, 1984. Doctor of Philosophy, 1976.
Docent Psychiatry, Helsinki University, 1986.
Research associate University Turku, 1972-1975, lecturer, 1976-1977, professor pharmacology, since 1989. Clinical pharmacologist Astra Company, Stockholm, 1977-1980. Senior researcher Academy Finland, Helsinki, 1981-1987.
Permanent advisor Ministry of Health Affairs, Finland, since 1989.
Medical lieutenant Finish military. Member Scandinavian Society Psychopharmacology (board member since 1987), Finnish Pharmacol. Society (board member since 1989), Brain Research Society (board member 1984-1988), Ethical Committee (chairman since 1989).
Married Riitta Kristina Väisänen, June 10, 1972. Children: Pekka, Hanne.