Master of Arts in History, University Turin, Italy, 1977. Doctor of Philosophy in History, University Turin, Italy, 1987.
Research attache European University Institute, Florence, Italy, 1984-1987. Research officer London School of Economics, 1987-1990. Associate professor University Bologna, Italy, since 1992.
Visiting professor Colleges D'Europe, Brugge, Belgium, 1990-1991. Visiting scholar Yale University, New Haven, 1981-1982.
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Member Society for Historians of America Foreign Relations, European Association for American Studies, Organization of America Historians.
Married Dorothea L. Barrett, September 21, 1991. 1 child, Marco.