Degree in literature, 1968. Spoken languages: French.
Teacher, 1969—1973; Regional and national posts French Communist Party (PCF). Member of the European Parliament, since 1979. Member, Development and Cooperation Committee, since 1984, Vice Chairman, 1984-1989. Member External Economic Relations Committee, Substitute, since 1989. Chairman GUE/NGL Group, 1999; vice chairman Committee on Development, 1989—1999; member central committee Communist Party, 1979, member national bureau, 1990, head international department, 1992—1999. Member, ACP-EC Joint Assembly.
member European Parliament, Brussels, since 1994, chairman Confederal Group of European United Left/Nordic Green Left, member conference of president, member committee on budgets, member committee on foreign affairs, member committee on human rifhts, member committee on common security and defense policy, member joint parliamentary assembly on aggreement between African, Caribbean and Pacific States and European Union.