AB, Amherst College, 1947. Master of Arts, University California, Berkeley, 1948. Doctor of Philosophy, Columbia University, 1955.
Instructor Princeton University, New Jersey, 1953—1958. Assistant, associate professor Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 1958—1964. Professor history University California, Davis, 1964—1990, professor emeritus, since 1990.
Member exam board American History College Entrance Exam Board, Princeton, 1969—1972. Staff sergeant United States Army, 1942-1946.
Member Philip D. Reed Foundation, New York City, 1990—1996. Member of American History Association (50 year member), Organization American Historians (life).
Married Kathryn Virginia Reed, August 27, 1949. Children: Sheryl Reed(deceased), Deborah Wilson Cuthbert.