DLett, University Pisa, 1953. Postgraduate, Libera Docenza, Italy, 1969. Master of Arts ad eundem, Brown University, 1971.
Lecturer Italian, Faculte des Lettres, Dijon, 1954-1958; instructor, University of California, Berkeley, 1958-1961; lecturer Italian, Faculte des Lettres, Grenoble, 1961-1963; assistant professor to professor Italian, University of California at Los Angeles, 1963-1969; department chairman, University of California at Los Angeles, 1966-1969; professor, director Italian studies, Brown U., Providence, 1969-1978; university professor Italian and comparative literature, Brown U., 1979-1990; department chairman, Brown U., 1989-1990; professor romanace language & literature, Harvard University, since 1990; R. Pierotti professor Italian literature, Stanford University, 1978-1979. Visiting professor McGill University, 1971, 76, Middlebury College, 1973-1974, U. Venice,1973, Queens College and Graduate Center, CUNY, 1975, Yale University, 1975.
(16mo pp. 262 broch)
Member Modern Language Association (Hassaram Rijhumal Marraro prize 1978), Dante Society of America.
Married Marie-Josephe Rolin, July 31, 1958. Children: Anne-Claire, Silvia C.