Bachelor, Heidelberg College, 1949. Master of Divinity, Oberlin (Ohio) College, 1952. Doctor of Ministry, Vanderbilt University, 1953.
Master of Arts, Western Michigan University, 1960. Doctor of Education, Boston University, 1968.
Teacher, American School, Tarsus, Turkey, 1953-1966; director, American School, Tarsus, 1963-1966; from associate professor to professor, U. Connecticut, Storrs, since 1968. Author six books; contributor numerous articles to professional journals.
Fellow Philosophy of Education Society, Middle East Studies Association. Member World Education Fellowship (president 1982-1986, general secretary United States section since 1989), Society for Educational Reconstrn. (editor journal. 1975-1981), Turkish Studies Association (chairperson competition committee 1990).
Married Barbara May Tinkham, June 15, 1957. Children: David, Ruth, Beth, Priscilla.