University of Helsinki, 1951-1956, 1959-1960, Master of Laws. Third United Nations Spec Intern Program(s), 1957-1958. Spoken languages: Finnish, Swedish, English, French.
With special intern program United Nations, New York City, 1956-1957. With Ministry Foreign Affairs, 1960-1962. Deputy chief of section Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1966-1968, under-secretary of state Helsinki, 1981-1983.
Attache and secretary of embassy Permanent Mission to United Nations, New York City, 1962-1966, deputy permanent representative of Finland Geneva, 1968-1972, New York City, 1972-1978. Director-general Department for International Development Cooperative, 1978-1981. Ambassador, permanent representative of Finland Permanent Mission to United Nations, New York City, 1991-1998.
Ambassador, permanent representative to Organization of European Cooperation and Development and United Nations Educational Paris, 1983-1991. Republican Government Finland to Asian Development Bank, 1978-1983, African Development Bank, 1978-1983. Alternate representative Government of Finland to Inter-American Development Bank, 1978-1983.
Chairman Hdq. Committee United Nations Educational, 1985-1987. Chairman advisory board Development Center Organization of European Cooperation and Development, 1988-1990. Chairman executive board Industrial Development Fund of Finland, 1981-1983.
Member World Bank/International Monetary Fund Task Force of Office Development Assistance, 1982-1984. President governor board United Nations Development Program, 1992. Co-chairman United Nations Working Group for Reform of Security Council, 1994-1998.
Member executive board International Assistance Permanent Republican to United Nations, since 1995. Consultant executive office United Nations Program for Iraq, 1999.
President governor county development program United Nations, 1992. 1st vice chairman of the executive board United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, 1993. Vice chairman, member bureau preparatory committee for 50th anniversary United Nations, 1993, vice chairman open-ended working group on the question of equitable representation on and increase in the member security county, 1994.
Married Dorrit I. Martin (divorced 1977). 4 children; married Satu Marjatta Lefkowitz, 1978.