Bachelor of Science Agriculture, University Natal, Scottsville, South Africa, 1965. Master of Science Agriculture, University Natal, Scottsville, South Africa, 1969. Doctor of Philosophy, University Natal, Scottsville, South Africa, 1974.
Lecturer University Natal, 1967-1975, senior lecturer, 1975-1978, associate professor, 1978-1988, professor, since 1988, head department, 1988-1994, dean Faculty Agriculture, 1994-1999, director Center Rural Development Systems, 1999—2004, professor, chairman rural development, 2000—2004. Chairman committee South African Deans of Agriculture, 1998-1999, pro vice-chancellor research, 2003-2004, honorary research associate, since 2004.
Fellow S. African Society for Plant-Pathology (past vice president, fellowship 1993). Member Electron Microscopy Society of Southern Africa, American Phytopathol. Society, Federation British Plant Pathologists.
Married Merle Carmel Akal, January 15, 1966. Children: Marc Herman, Paul Anthony, Lisa Celeste.