Bachelor in Political Science & Economics, State University of New York, Buffalo, 1977. Juris Doctor, State University of New York, Buffalo, 1980.
Chief counsel United States Senate Budget Committee, 1981—1984. Assistant parliamentarian United States Senate, 1984—1988. General counsel Congressional Budget Office, 1989—2000.
Clerk, commerce, state, justice, the judiciary and related agencies subcommittee United States House Appropriations Committee, 2000—2002. Associate director, budget policy and management United States Department of Treasury Office of Technology Assistance, 2002—2005. General counsel United States Senate Budget Committee, 2005—2007, United States House Budget Committee, since 2007.