Bachelor with 1st class honours, Kings College, University London, 1948. Master of Arts, Kings College, University London, 1953.
Assistant lecturer University Sheffield, England, 1954-1956, lecturer, 1956-1961, senior lecturer Spanish, 1961-1963. Gilmour professor Spanish University Liverpool, England, 1963-1978. Visiting Mellon professor Spanish University Pittsburgh, 1970-1971.
Wm. R. Kenan Junior University professor Spanish Brown University, Providence, 1978-1999, chairman department, 1981-1984, professor emeritus, since 1999. Editor Bulletin Hispanic Studies, 1964-1978. Visiting professor University Salamanca, Spain, 1995.
Member Modern Language Association, International Association Hispanists (vice president 1974-1980), International Association Galdós Scholars (president 1988-1989), North America Catalan Society (honorary).
Married Magdalena Willmann, April 21, 1956. Children: Madeleine Elizabeth, Helen Margaret, Peter John.