He received his early education at Pforta, studied at Freiberg under Werner, and afterwards at Leipzig and Jena. He graduated at Jena, and was occupied in 1823 in teaching in that town and in 1824 at Leipzig.
The crater Naumann on the Moon is named after him. In 1826 he succeeded Mohs as professor of crystallography, in 1835 he became professor also of geognosy at Freiberg. And in 1842 he was appointed professor of mineralogy and geognosy in the university of Leipzig.
At Freiberg he was charged with the preparation of a geological map of Saxony, which he carried out with the aid of Bernhard von Cotta in 1846.
Naumann was a man of encyclopedic knowledge, lucid and fluent as a teacher. Early in life (1821-1822) he traveled in Norway, and his observations on that country, and his subsequent publications on crystallography, mineralogy and geology established his reputation.
He was awarded the Wollaston Medal by the Geological Society of London in 1868, and he died at Leipzig. He published Beiträge zur Kenntniss Norwegens (2 vols, 1824).
Lehrbuch der Mineralogie (1828).
Lehrbuch der reinen und angewandten Krystallographie (2 vols and atlas, 1830). Elemente der Mineralogie (1846. Editor 9, 1874; the 10th ed by F Zirkel, 1877).
And Lehrbuch der Geognosie (2 vols and atlas, 1849-1854, ed 2, 1858-1872).
Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Russian Academy of Sciences. American Academy of Arts and Sciences.