Bachelor of Arts, Duke, 1957; postgraduate, Stanford, 1957-1958; Master of Fine Arts, U. Iowa, 1960; postgraduate, U. Iowa, 1960-1962.
Member faculty department English, California State University, Chico, since 1962; professor, California State University, Chico, 1973-1991; distinguished visiting writer, College Creative Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1984, 85; member of faculty department English, U. Iowa, 1958-1962. Judge Masefield award Poetry Society American, 1972, Hemley award, 1973, Dickinson award, 1976, Ames award, 1978, Academy American Poets prizes for California State University, Northridge, 1970-1971, Beloit College, 1974. Editorial consultant Harcourt Brace Company, W.W. Norton Company, University Kentucky Press.
Active American Red Cross. Member Academy American Poets, Poetry Society of America, New England Poetry Club (Judge Daniel Varoujan award 1986), National Wildlife Federation, National Association for Search and Rescue (life), Alpha Tau Omega.
Married Mary Zoe Marhoefer, November 5, 1960 (divorced 1980). Children: Elizabeth, Clare, Christopher. Married Carol Gardner, May 19, 1990.