Bachelor in Japanese Studies, University Washington, 1979. Master of Arts in Economics, University Chicago, 1985.
Lecturer, University of Chicago, 1985-1988; foreign service officer, unites states department State, 1988-1992; chief non-immigrant visa section United States Consulate General, unites states department State, Marseille, France international economist Office Global Energy, unites states department State, Washington finance/development officer, deputy chief economics section United States Embassy, unites states department State, Kinshasa, Zaire deputy officer in charge Yugoslav Affairs, European Bureau, unites states department State consultant, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, 1992-1994. Extensive lecturer in field at colleges, universities, public organizations including Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Stanford, University of Chicago, University of California at Los Angeles, National War College, West Point, Foreign Svc. Institute (now National Foreign Affairs Training Center) of the State Department, National Geographic Society, Council on Foreign Rels.