George William Frederick or George the III was born at the Norfolk House in London. He was the eldest son of Frederick Prince of Wales and Saxe-Gotha. He was the grandson of King George II. He was thought unlikely to survive as he was born 2 months premature. He was baptized the same day he was born by Thomas Secker who was the Bishop of Oxford and Rector of St. James.
He was publicly baptized at Norfolk house one month later by Secker. His godparents were his uncle Duke of Saxe-Gotha, King of Sweden and his aunt Queen of Prussia. He grew into a reserved, shy child and healthy. His family moved to Leicester Square where George and his younger brother Prince Edward were educated together by private tutors. By the age of 8, he could read and write and also comment on political events. He was the first British Monarch to study science systematically. His lessons included physics, astronomy, chemistry, French, mathematics, Latin, music, history, commerce, geography, constitutional law and agriculture.
His religious education was totally Anglican. At age 10, George took part in family production of Joseph Addison’s play Cato. King George II, George’s grandfather disliked the Prince of Wales and took very little interest in his grandchildren. In 1751, the Prince of Wales died unexpectedly from a lung injury making George heir to the throne. He became the Duke of Edinburgh by inheriting one of his father’s titles. The king now got interested in his grandson and made him the Prince of Wales although the title is not automatically required. In 1756, as George approached his eighteenth birthday, the King offered him a grand establishment at st. James Palace but George’s mother guided him to refuse the offer and preferred to keep him at home so that she could imbue him with her strict moral values.