Bachelor of Science, University of California-Berkeley, 1949; Master of Science, University of California at Los Angeles, 1956; Doctor of Philosophy, University of California at Los Angeles, 1967.
Mechanical engineering associate Department Water and Power, Los Angeles, 1949-1956. Development engineer Servo Mechanisms, Hawthorne, California, 1956-1960. Vice president Northrop Corporation, Los Angeles, 1960-1994.
Executive vice president, research director Space Studies Institute, Princeton, New Jersey, since 1994. Member industrial advisory group North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Brussels, 1977-1978. Guest lecturer University of California at Los Angeles, since 1983, California State University, Northridge, since 1983, director trust fund, 1984-1989.
Consultant to science advisory board United States Air Force, Washington, since 1985, board governors Aerospace and Electrical Systems Society, Los Angeles, since 1985, vice president publications, since 1995. Adjunct professor University Southern California, Los Angeles, since 1994. President International Council on Systems Engineering, 1994, fellow 1998.
Served as private first class United States Army, 1950-1952. Fellow Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (Baker award 1970), American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (associate. Chairman planetary defense subcommittee 1995-1997).
Member American Defense Preparedness Association (executive committee, preparedness award 1985).
Married Ruthanne Goldstein, September 7, 1953. Children– Sanford, Gary, David.