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George Rockingham Gilmer Edit Profile
Attended academic, Abbeville, South Carolina., 1804-1808, private law school, Lexington, 1808-circa 1811.
He served two non-consecutive terms as the 34th Governor of Georgia, the first from 1829 to 1831 and the second from 1837 to 1839. He also served multiple terms in the United States House of Representatives. He served as first lieutenant in the Forty-third Infantry Regiment from 1813 to 1815 in the campaign against the Creek during the War of 1812.
He practiced law as a profession. Gilmer's career consisted of multiple, alternating, elected positions at the state and federal level. He was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives in 1818, 1819, and 1824.
Gilmer was also elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1820, 1826, 1828 and 1832. However, he did not serve after the election in 1828 because he failed to accept the position within the legal time frame and the governor ordered a new election. When he became governor of Georgia, Gilmer initiated the prosecution of Cherokee missionary Samuel Austin Worcester for violation of a law requiring all white persons residing within the Cherokee nation to obtain a license from the governor and to swear to uphold the laws of Georgia.
Worcester was arrested in 1831 and sentenced to four years' hard labor. This led to the United States Supreme Court decision Worcester v. Georgia, which struck down the Georgia statute imposing its laws on the Cherokees as violating of the Treaty of Hopewell.
Additional facts of interest concerning George Gilmer:
Trustee of the University of Georgia (1826–1857)
Gilmer County, Georgia is named after him. Georgia Presidential elector in 1836 and 1840
Authored Sketches of Some of the First Settlers of Upper Georgia
Gilmer County, Georgia is named for him.
Member United States House of Representatives from Georgia, 17th Congress, 1821-1823, 20th Congress, 1826, 23d Congress, 1833-1835.
Married Eliza Grattan, 1822.