Bachelor of Arts, San Francisco State College, 1952; postgraduate, Georgetown University, 1954.
Radio wire editor Uttar Pradesh, Washington, 1956-1957. Reporter, columnist Anchorage Daily Times, 1957-1964. Special assistant, press secretary to Governor William A. Egan, 1964-1966.
Public Alaska Newsletter, 1966-1968. Juneau bureau chief Anchorage Daily News, 1967-1968. Editor Southeast Alaska Empire, Juneau, 1969-1971.
Director information services University Alaska, 1971-1982. Professor English Shanghai Institute of Tourism, 1992-1993.
(Examines the political struggle to acquire statehood for ...)
Served with United States Marine Corps, 1944-1946, PTO. Member Alpha Phi Gamma.
Married Norma Orel Swain, January 1, 1953. Children: Amanda Allyn, Laura Anne.