Bachelor of Science, University Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 1953. Doctor of Philosophy, University Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 1959. Master of Arts, University Virginia, 1954.
Assistant professor Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan, 1959—1963, Rice University, Houston, 1963—1966. Member faculty University Del, Newark, since 1966, professor history, since 1973. Director Scholarly Resources, Inc., Wilmington, Delaware, 1972—1975.
Vice president Michael Glazier, Inc., Wilmington, 1976—1980. With United States Army, 1954-1956.
Member of Conference British Studies, American Society 18th Century Studies, American History Association.
Married Lois Oldenburg Straka, June 13, 1953.