Bachelor of Civil Engineering, University of Michigan, 1910, Mechanical Engineering, 1941. England Doctorate., Illinois Institute Technology, 1942. Graduate Ordnance School Technology, 1914.
Student Ordnance School Application, 1916-1917, Army Industrial College, 1935-1936, Army War College, 1937-1938.
Tufts (Mistress Roderick Hamilton Sears). Commissioned Second lieutenant, Coast Artillery, United States Army, 1910, and advanced through grades to major general, 1943. Charge design and production of railway and seacoast artillery, 1917-1921, inspector foreign munitions plants and materials, European countries, 1922, charge development anti-aircraft artillery, 1922-1927, inspector Government Ordnance and Manufacturing plants, Europe, 1928.
Chief engineer charge development and engineering, Watertown Arsenal, 1928-1932.
Chief proof officer, automotive division, Aberdeen (Maryland.) Proving Ground, 1932-1935. Charge procurement planning office, assistant secretary-war, 1936-1937.
Chief technical staff, 1939-1940, assistant chief industrial service in charge research and engineering ordnance department, 1940-1942. Assistant chief ordnance, 1942-1946, retired 1946.
Consultant Porter International, Washington.
Vice president charge engineering Budd Company, Philadelphia, 1946-1953.
Member American Ordnance Association, Newcomen Society England, Tau Beta Pi. Clubs: Racquet (Philadelphia).
Married Evelyn Mary Kopf, April.