Bachelor in engineering, George Pepperdine U., 1962; Master of Arts in Political Science, U. North Carolina, 1982; fellow, Harvard University, 1985.
Commissioned 2nd. Lieutenant, United States Army, 1964; advanced through grades to colonel, United States Army retired, United States Army, 1987; public, legislation officer, State Department United States Government, Washington director business development, senior systems analyst, Automation Research Systems, Alexandria, Virginia vice-president, director communications, information, Advanced Resource Technologies, Inc., Alexandria.
Active Smithsonian Institute, National Geographic Society. Member NAFE, Harvard Alumni Association, U. North Carolina Alumni Association.