Graduate, Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. Attended, Staff College, Camberley, 1985. Attended, Joint Services Defense College, Greenwich, 1989—1990.
Student, Higher Command and Staff Course, 1996. Student, Royal College Defense Studies, 1998.
Advanced through grades to lieutenant general British Army, 2006, regular commissioned officer 1st battalion Osnabruck, Germany, 1973—1975, commanded 81st army youth team Inverness, Scotland, 1975—1977, commanded B company of 1st battalion Munster, Ireland, 1988—1990, commanded 1st battalion Queens Own Highlanders, 1991—1993, colonel, 1994—1996, brigadier Commander 5th airborne brigade, 1996—2003, Commander 3rd United Kingdom division, 2003—2005, director general training support, 2005—2006, Commander field army, since 2007. Deputy Commander Multi-National Force-Iraq, 2006—2007. Assistant commandant Joint Services Command and Staff.
College, Shrivenham, England. With Minister Defense British Army.
Member of Army Snowboarding Association (chairman).