University of Toronto (Bachelor of Arts Honours, 1981). Osgoode Hall (Bachelor of Laws, 1984).
Worked at Smith Lyons (Toronto, Ontario) specializing in Banking and Financial Institution Lending, Corporate and Commercial, Mergers and Acquisitions, Securities. Admitted to the bar, 1986, Ontario. (Also Resident Foreign Consultant, Formosa Transnational, Taipei, Taiwan).
Member: College of Business Administration, International Business Alliance.