Master of Arts, Jagellonian University, Cracow, 1948. Doctor of Philosophy, University Wroclaw, Poland, 1950.
Bookkeeper, Factory Cycle Parts and Utensils, 1941-1945; senior assistant department English,, Wroclaw U., 1949-1953; associate professor Institute Art,, Polish Academy Science, Warsaw, 1953-1970; professor, Polish Academy Science, Warsaw, 1970-1993; professor emeritus, Polish Academy Science, Warsaw, since 1993; member neophilol. committee, Polish Academy Science, Warsaw, since 1970. Member editorial committee Dialog, 1963-1973, Teatr, 1973-1988.
Member Polish Academy of Sciences (art committee), Warsaw Learned Society.
Married Zofia Maria Skarbinska, June 13, 1950.