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Guntis Ulmanis Edit Profile


As President, Guntis Ulmanis focused on foreign policy, building relations with international and regional organizations, as well as other countries. A major achievement was the conclusion of the Latvian-Russian treaty on the withdrawal of Russian armed forces from Latvia.


  • facilitating admission of Latvia to Council of Europe

  • declaring moratorium on the execution of the death penalty in Latvia.


The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the constitutional force of societal organisation in the Soviet Union and one of the largest communist organisations in the world. In the collapsing USSR, it lost its dominant role in the wake of the failed August 1991 coup d'état attempt led by authoritarian hardliners.


Guntra - Latvia

Kārlis Ulmanis - Latvia