Gustave Moreau Edit Profile
Moreau initially studied under the guidance of François-Édouard Picot and became a friend of Théodore Chassériau, whose work strongly influenced his own.
As a painter, Moreau appealed to the imaginations of some Symbolist writers and artists. Moreau had a 25-year personal relationship, possibly romantic, with Adelaide-Alexandrine Dureux, a woman whom he drew several times. His first painting was a Pietà which is now located in the cathedral at Angoulême.
He showed A Scene from the Song of Songs and The Death of Darius in the Salon of 1853. In 1853 he contributed Athenians with the Minotaur and Moses Putting Off his Sandals within Sight of the Promised Land to the Great Exhibition. Oedipus and the Sphinx, one of his first symbolist paintings, was exhibited at the Salon of 1864.
Moreau quickly gained a reputation for eccentricity. One commentator said Moreau's work was "like a pastiche of Mantegna created by a German student who relaxes from his painting by reading Schopenhauer". The painting currently resides in the permanent collection at the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Moreau became a professor at Paris' École des Beaux-Arts in 1891 and among his many students were fauvist painters Henri Matisse and Georges Rouault. Jules Flandrin, Theodor Pallady and Léon Printemps also studied with Moreau. Moreau died in Paris and was buried there in the Cimetière de Montmartre.
During his lifetime, Moreau produced more than 8,000 paintings, watercolors and drawings, many of which are on display in Paris' Musée national Gustave Moreau at 14 rue de la Rochefoucauld (9th arrondissement). The museum is in his former workshop, and began operation in 1903. André Breton famously used to "haunt" the museum and regarded Moreau as a precursor of Surrealism.
Gustave Moreau's works.
- Louis-Jean Marie Moreau - architect
- Adele Pauline Desmoutier
- Adelaide-Alexandrine Dureu - life model
- Theodore Chasseriau - painter
- Francois-Edouard Picot - painter
- Edgar Degas - painter
- Gerges Rouault - painter
- Henri Matisse - painter
- Albert Marquet - painter
- Henri Charles Manguin - painter
- Edgar Maxence - painter
- Ary Renan - painter
Gustave Moreau: History Painting, Spirituality, and Symbolism
In this thought-provoking book, Peter Cooke explains how Moreau essentially created pictorial Symbolism through his novel approach to the genre of history painting. In the process, the author closely examines the artist through some of his major paintings, his ideology and aesthetic, and, for the first time, in relation to other artists of his time and of the previous generations. The narrative follows Moreau’s career from his Neoclassical and academic training through his conversion to Romanticism, his studies in Italy, his experiences as an exhibitor at the Paris Salon, and his subsequent years as a professor at the École des Beaux-Arts and as the founder of his own museum. By drawing on unpublished manuscripts from the Musée Gustave Moreau in Paris, Cooke presents fresh insights into how Moreau’s art reflects his spiritualist ideology, as well as his controversial effect on the art world of his time.
Gustav Moreau: Between Epic and Dream
The volume reproduces and describes in detail more than 200 of Moreau's works, ranging from such well-known paintings as Orpheus and The Apparition (one of his many treatments of Salome and the beheaded John the Baptist) to lesser known but revealing watercolors, drawings, and sculptures. Director of the Musée Gustave Moreau in Paris, introduces the volume and contributes an essay about Moreau's passionate interest in the "exoticism" of other cultures, particularly those of Persia and India. Marie-Laure de Contenson describes the artist's powerful attraction to medieval art and aesthetics.
Gustave Moreau : Correspondance d'Italie
The Gustave Moreau Museum
Gustave Moreau : Maître sorcier
1892 - 1898