Bachelor of Music, Oberlin Conservatory, 1955. Master of Music, Long Beach State University, 1964. Doctor of Philosophy in Music, Ohio State University, 1974.
Composer: (opera) Blake, Municipal Opera Company Baltimore, Incorporated, pian-percussion version, 1997. (excerpts) New York City Opera Companies VOX Showcase, 2006, Opera North, Incorporated, 2008. A symphony.(cantatas) The Requiem and Hymn to Freedom. (concert overture) Ode to Life. (chamber orchestral work) Love Expressions.(ballet) A Kiss in Xanadu. Sonatas for violin, cello and horn. Etudes for piano string quartet and numerous orchestral works performed by Cleveland Orchestra, Buffalo Philharmonic, Indianapolis Symphony, Savannah Symphony, Detroit Symphony, Prague Radio Symphony, Iceland Symphony.