State University of New York at Buffalo (Bachelor of Science, 1972). University of Toledo (Juris Doctor, cum laude, 1975). Editor-in-Chief, University of Toledo Law Review, 19741975.
With United States. Navy, 1965-1969. Working as a partner of NATHAN & ROBERTS. Admitted to the bar, 1975, Ohio and United States. District Court, Northern District of Ohio.
1986, United States.
Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit.
Toledo, Ohio State and American Bar Associations. [With United States. Navy, 1965-1969].