Master of Arts in Philosophie, Warsaw University, 1931.
Teacher 1926-1939; underground teaching activity during German occupation, soldier in Home Army, editor Operation “N”, military press correspondent in Warsaw' Rising 1944. Head Publishing House Trzaska, Evert i Michalski 1946-1950. Head Lexicographical Department, co-ordinator, Deputy.
President since 1986. Minister; Minister of Culture and Art.
Author: (book) Poczwarki Wielkiej Parady, 1935. (novels) Children Cannot Wait, 1946, Jablko Granatu, 1971, Ptasi Gosciniec, 1973, Babie Lato, 1974, Miecz Syreny, 1980, Zwyczajnie Cztowiek, 1980, Smok w Herbie, 1983, Zabic Strach, 1985. (short stories) Szmaragdowe Oczy, 1977, Bratek, 1977, Kon, 1985.
(plays) Zbiegowie 1952, Rzeczpospolita Zaplaci, 1954, Zaczarowana Zatoka, 1959, Sciezka Przez Pole, 1960, Spotkanie w Ciemnosciach, 1961. Numerous others. Editor: Dictionary of Polish Language 11 vols.
, 1950-1969, Concise Dictionary of Polish Language, 1969-1970.
Member Polish Parliament, since 1980, secretary Dialog, Warsaw, 1956-1959. Served with Polish Home Army, 1940-1944. Member Writer's Association (honorary president since 1980), International Theatre Institute, Society Authors, Securities and Exchange Commission, Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists and Novelists association.