M of Health Sciences in Nursing, University Turku, Finland, 1997. D of Health Sciences in Nursing, University Turku, 2002.
Registered nurse Helsinki University Hospital, Finland, 1988, registered midwife, 1989—1990. Nursing teacher College on Nursing in Vaasa, 1990—1995. Project coordinator Center for Extension Studies, University Turku, Finland, since 1997.
Member of The Federation of Finnins Midwives, Pro Nursing, Finnish Association of Caring Sciences.