Doctor of Medicine, Helsinki (Finland) University, 1973. Doctor of Philosophy, Turku (Finland) University, 1985.
Resident physician in physiatrics Helsinki University Central Hospital, 1976-1979. Head rehabilitation unit Invalid Foundation, Helsinki, 1986-1994. Associate professor Jyväskylä (Finland) University, 1987.
Professor Oulu (Finland) University, 1988. Director Kapyla Rehabilitation Centre, Helsinki, since 1994. Visiting professor University Vermont, Burlington, 1991-1992.
Medical consultant Finnish Association of Sports for the Disabled, Helsinki, since 1973. Consultant Secretary of Social and Health Affairs, Helsinki, since 1985, Prosthetic Foundation, Helsinki, 1986-1994. Program manager WHI Physical Rehabilitation Unit, 1996.
Member International Society for Study of Lumbar Spine, Nordic Medical Society of Paraplegia (president since 1999).
Married Raija Helena Heino, December 16, 1972. Children: Antti, Tiina.