Student, Herzl Junior College, Chicago, 1938. Student, Julliard School Music, 1952. Doctorate (honorary), Festival Casals, San Juan, Puerto Rico, 1968.
Bassist, Houston Symphony Orchestra, 1940-1941; bassist, Baltimore Symphony, 1947-1948; bassist, NBC Symphony under Arturo Toscannini, New York City, 1950-1956; musician, NBC, New York City, 1957-1964; bassist, Pittsburgh Symphony, tour Middle East, Europe, 1964; bassist, New York City Opera and Ballet Orchs., since 1966; bassist, Festival Casals Orchestra, 1968. Bassist Raymond Scott Quintet, New York City, 1949.
Served with United States Navy, 1941-1945, PTO, European Theatre of Operations. Member of Bohemians.
Married Natalie Freyer, December 25, 1947. 1 child, Susan Eve.