AB, Harvard University, 1964. Bachelor of Laws, Columbia University, 1967.
Bar: New York 1968. Law clerk to judge The United States of America Court Appeals (District of Columbia Circuit), 1967-1968. Assistant professor of law Columbia University, New York City, 1968-1973. Now Julius Silverprof. law, science and technical, and director program in law, science and technical Columbia University School Law, New York City, 1985.
Member The Hastings Center, 1978, Rapporteur, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization International Committee on Bioethics., 1992-1996.
Member The Hastings Center.