Bachelor Pedagogy, Michigan State Normal College, 1912. Bachelor of Arts Michigan, 1914. AM, University Michigan, 1923.
Doctor of Philosophy, University Michigan, 1926. Doctor of Letters, University Illinois, 1961. Doctor of Letters, Olivet College, 1962.
Doctor of Humane Letters, Eastern Michigan University, 1962.
Teacher high school, Wyandotte, Michigan, 1912-1913; superintendent schools, Algonac, Michigan, 1914-1918; instructor rhetoric, University of Michigan, 1923-1926; assistant Professor of English, University of Illinois, 1926-1931; associate professor, associate dean College Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Illinois, 1931-1938; professor, University of Illinois, from 1938.
Fellow American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Married Dorothy Bacon. Children: Mary Elizabeth, Dorothy Priscilla, Charlotte Anne.