Diploma in industrial mobilization, United States Staff College, 1961. Diploma city and county planning and plan implementation, University Missouri, 1976.
Machinist National Defense Training Institute, Philadelphia, 1938-1940, Baldwin Locomotive Works, Eddystone, Pennsylvania, 1940-1941. Armament machinist Empire Ordnance Company, Philadelphia, 1941-1942, industrial management consultant, 1948-1969. With Western States Exploration, Inc., Salt Lake City, 1972-1980, chief executive officer, chairman board, 1975-1979, American Fuel and Power Corporation, Panama City, Florida, since 1980.
Consultant United Nations Habitat and Human Settlement Foundation, Nairobi, Kenya. Active Service Corps of Retired Executives program Small Business Administration, 1970-1972.
Served with United States Army, 1942-1945. Member United States Industrial Council, American Chemical Society, American Society Metals, Society Automotive Engineers.
Married Bernice Bess, May 15, 1943. Children: Barry, Brian, Diane.