Bachelor of Science with honors, University St. Andrews, Scotland, 1976. Doctor of Philosophy, University St. Andrews, Scotland, 1980.
Research fellow University Western Australia, Australia, 1980-1985. Senior scientist Murdoch Institute for Research Into Birth Defects, Melbourne, Australia, 1985-1990. From lecturer to senior lecturer University Dundee, Scotland, 1990-1996.
Principal scientist, head of division Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen, Scotland, since 1996. Honorary lecturer University Melbourne, 1985-1990. Honorary reader University Aberdeen, since 1996.
Member Physiological Society, Bio-chemical Society, European Copper Research Group (founder).
Married Karen Ann Sidwell, June 6, 1979.