Doctor of Medicine, University Turku, Finland, 1966. Doctor of Philosophy, University Turku, Finland, 1971.
Associate chief physician University Turku, 1970-1980. Professor University Tampere, Finland, since 1980, chairman department neurology Finland, since 1984. Visiting scientist Albert Einstein College, New York City, 1972-1973, National Institute Neurology, London, 1977.
Member Medical Research Council, 1985-1990. Vice chairman Nordic Committee of Medical Research, 1989. Member European Economic Community workgroup European Brain Research Program, since 1993.
Professor, faculty, board directors Graduate School Neurosci., Tampere, since 1994. Board directors Euroespes Foundation, since 1992. Management committee European Union-cost brain damage repair program, since 1998.
Board of directors International Graduate School Neursci., Inc., since 1994. Member World Federation Neurology (national delegate since 1989), Nordic Neurological Society (board directors since 1988), Norage Society (vice president since 1994), Ragnar Granit Institute.
Married Tuula Frey, June 18, 1982. Children: Carl-Harry, Carl-Johan, Lisbet.