Associate of Arts in Electrical Engineering, Wilson Junior College Chicago, 1962. Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy, University Illinois, 1967. Juris Doctor, DePaul University, 1974.
Federal public defender, 1974. Field attorney, hearing officer National Labor Relations Board, 1974—1975. Assistant to director St. Paul Civil Rights Department, 1975—1978.
Administrative law judge Office Administrative Hearings, 1979—1983. Commissioner Minnesota Public Utilities Commission, 1984—1987. Appointed judge, since 1987.
Faculty member, consultant Washington University. Adjunct professor clinical administrative law William Mitchell College Law. Adjunct lecturer jurisprudence University Minnesota College Pharmacy.
Faculty member National Center for State Courts. Member Joint County Commissioners and Bench Committee, District Court Executive Committee. Former chair security committee Hennepin County District Court.
Member committee on probate and civil jury instructions Minnesota District Judges Association. Chief judge mental health. Chair Minnesota Supreme Court Committee on Interactive Audio-Video Communications.
Minnesota representative United States Transportation Commission Conference. Co-founder Minnesota Minority Lawyers Association.
Married Faith Esperanza, January 1, 2003. Children: Trina, Diane, Don, Harvey.