Bachelor, Queens College, 1961. Master of Arts, Indiana University. Doctor of Philosophy, Indiana University, 1968.
Instructor English, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1966-1968;
assistant Professor of English, U. Kansas, Lawrence, 1968-1972;
associate professor, U. Kansas, Lawrence, 1972-1978;
professor, U. Kansas, Lawrence, since 1978. Fulbright professor American literature Federal U. Rio and Catholic U. Rio, Rio de Janeiro, 1975-1976. Visiting professor American literature U. Paris-Sorbonne, 1985-1986.
Lecturer Am.studies 4 Chinese universities, 1988. Exchange professor of University Paris-Val de Marne, 1990, U. Franche-Comté, 1996.
Member Modern Language Association, American Culture Association (area chairman since 1983), Melville Society.
Married Marlene Ann Jones, June 8, 1964 (divorced 1986). Children: Ann, Rebecca. Married Elizabeth Ann Fowler, October 9, 1993.