Student, University Berlin, University Vienna. Doctor of Medicine, University Vienna, 1942.
Flight, brigade and division surgeon Luftwaffe, Germany, 1942-1945. Senior medical specialist to medical director Tbc Hospitals Amberg, Woellershof, Bassum, Germany, 1949-1958. Medical staff and task officer, chief of branch German Ministry Defense, 1958-1967.
Command surgeon to surgeon general German Air Force, 1967-1972. Commanding general German Armed Forces Medical Command, 1972-1977. Associate professor to professor of aerospace medicine Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany, since 1974.
Member executive council Deutsche Gesellschaft Luft Raumfahrt, 1974-1987, 93-96. Committee Space Research(COSPAR)/International Council of Scientific Unions, United Nations, Paris, 1982. Consultant Federal Ministry Research and Technology, Bonn, 1977-1989, Messerschmidt-Boelkow-Blohm-Entwicklungsring Nord Aerospace Industries, Bremen, 1978-1989.
Member aerospace medical panel Advisory Group Aerospace Research and Development/North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Paris, 1968-1977, chairman, 1974-1976.
Major General German Air Force Medical Corps (retired). Fellow Associate of Applied Science, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, American College Chest Physicians, Aerospace Medical Association, British Interplanetary Society, Royal Aeronautical Society, Canada Space Institute (associate), New York Academy of Sciences. Member Academie National de l'Air et de l'Espace (honorary), Chinese Academy Space Research, Accademia di Storia dell 'Arte Sanitaria (Italy), Medical & Aerospace Societies (worldwide, honorary), International Academy Aviation and Space Medical, International Academy Astronautics, International Academy Chest Physicians, Academy Cosmologica Nova.