Doctor of Philosophy, Vrije University, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1995.
Researcher Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1996—1997, Leiden (The Netherlands) University Medical Center, 1997—1999. Senior scientist Twente Institute Neuromodulation, Enschede, Netherlands, since 1999. Scientific consultant Roessingh Research and Development, Enschede, Netherlands, since 1999.
Sergeant military shooting range Dutch Military, 1983-1984, Harskamp, Netherlands.
Member of International Functional Electrical Stimulation society, Netherlands Institute Biology.
Married Elisabeth Saskia Buschman De Zwart, August 19, 1993. Children: Bastiaan, Lotte, Berber.